It can be unbearably difficult when one is diagnosed with cancer. This condition drastically changes one’s life, as well as how that person looks on things. It is a condition hard to cope with physically and emotionally for both patient and those who care about that person. There are 8 different cancers you can detect, so the feedback you receive is quite valuable in general.
It most commonly affects middle aged men, and during its initial stage it does not cause pain, so there are no noticeable symptoms. Approximately 1 in 7 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer, and one of the causes can be inherited mutations in genes like BRCA1, BRCA2 as well as HOXB13. It is also worth mentioning that men with BRCA2 gene mutation and HOXB13 gene mutation are prone to developing a more severe form of prostate cancer.
If you have a first degree relative, like parent/child/sibling with lung cancer history, the chances of developing it are doubled. Women have greater risk than men, and this risk is amplified if a person is a smoker. Additionally, having a second degree relative aunt/uncle/nephew with this disease can raise one’s risk of developing lung cancer by 30%. Moreover, non-smokers who develop lung cancer are most likely to have this disease in their family history.
It usually develops in late thirties and early forties and the survival rate is high if it is detected early. Problems occur because the cancer is located underneath the stomach lining, so it is not easy to detect until it becomes more severe. Another issue is that this cancer is quite common, it affects around 900,000 people on annual level, and it is the fourth most common cancer in the existence. Individuals with mutation in CDH1 gene are afflicted with hereditary diffuse gastric cancer, which is around 35% of people. These people are very likely born with one mutated copy of the CDH1 gene need to acquire a second mutation, which is responsible for the cancer, but the chances of that happening are pretty high, around 80%.
There are two common forms of inherited colorectal cancer. One of them is hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer and the other one is familial adenomatous polyposis. There is a 50% chance of people with these genes to pass them on to their children. Furthermore, chemicals in the stool can also trigger mutations in colon and rectum, which is another cause of this cancer. This is why we need to be extra careful with our diet.
This is the second most common cancer that can affect women (the first one is skin cancer). Approximately one in eight women will develop an invasive form of breast cancer. As far as men are concerned, less than one percent are diagnosed with breast cancer. BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes (like with prostate cancer) carry these mutations, thus they increase the risk of becoming a breast cancer patient. Despite the fact that the disease is more common in women than in men, the genes can be inherited from either mother or father.
Around 40,000 men and 17,000 women are diagnosed with bladder cancer, and it is caused by mutations in the following gene: FGFR3, HRAS, RB1, TSC1, and TP53. The mentioned genes are responsible for regulating cell division, or not allowing them to divide at a rapid pace. One thing you should know is that this cancer is not typically inherited; it most often develops over time. Another encouraging factor is that this cancer is commonly noticed during its early stage and it is quite treatable. However, this cancer is likely to reappear, which is why patients usually undergo testing even after they are cured.
This is the most common form of skin cancer, and it usually occurs due to the prolonged exposure to sunlight or artificial UV-light. Genetics only indicate whether you are more or less prone to developing them. Luckily this cancer is highly treatable, all it requires is a simple operation. However, if one was treated for BCC, there is a chance of developing another one in the future.
Unlike BCC, Melanoma is a more dangerous type of skin cancer , but like BCC it can be caused by prolonged exposure to sunlight or tanning devices. Additionally, if you have particular type of birthmarks or moles, you should have them checked. People with fair skin are more likely to develop this disease, and the only treatment is an operation that removes the tumor. If melanoma has spread beyond the skin, it can no longer be treated.
Posted on: 19/11/2015